Writing a literature review for the first time? Check out this blog on how to write a literature review.
It is an important part of a research paper and you cannot proceed further without it. Therefore, it is important that you understand what a literature review is and how to write one properly.
Here is a complete blog that will guide you properly. Get started now!
A literature review is a compilation and critical evaluation of existing research on a particular topic. It provides and explains a detailed overview of the current state of knowledge on the topic and identifies any gaps in the research.
It helps to establish what is already known about the topic and how it has been studied so far.
A literature review is an important part of any research project. It helps to:
There are several strategies to structure a literature review. Before you begin writing, have a general idea of how you want to approach the project.
You may mix and match a variety of instructional writing techniques provided what the length of your literature review is.
Tracing the history of a subject is one of the most common approaches. However, if you use this method, keep in mind that simply listing and summarizing sources isn't enough.
Examine trends, turning points, and other major researches that have helped the field and its evolution. Make a statement regarding how and why particular developments occurred.
If you've discovered a few main themes, you may arrange your literature review into divisions that focus on various aspects of the subject.
Key themes in this example could be healthcare policy, language barriers, cultural attitudes, legal status, and economic access when reading material on migrant health disparities.
If you use different kinds of research techniques and sources, you may need to compare the results that are obtained through different methods.
Here is an example;
A literature review is frequently the basis for a theoretical framework. It may be used to debate a variety of theories, models, and definitions of key terms.
You might defend the usefulness of a certain theoretical approach or a combination of various theoretical ideas to build a framework for your study.
There is no one formula for writing a literature review. Here are the steps to write a good and effective literature review;
Before you start looking for papers, you'll need to have a clear idea of what you're looking for.
When preparing a literature review for a thesis, dissertation, or research paper, you'll search for sources relevant to your research question and problem.
If you're doing a literature review as a standalone project, you'll have to pick a topic and come up with questions that are relevant and would give a proper direction to your research.
This question must be answerable without gathering new data. You should be able to respond to it based on only existing publications.
Create a list of keywords that are relevant to your study question. Add each key idea or variable that is of interest, as well as any synonyms and related terms. If you find new keywords while conducting your research, add them to this list.
To begin searching for sources, use your keywords. The following databases may be useful when looking for journal articles and papers:
You won't be able to read everything that's been written about it, so you'll have to choose which sources are most important to your inquiries.
For each publication, consider the following questions:
Make certain the sources you employ are genuine, and that you're familiar with significant research and key theories in your field of study.
See how frequently a scholarly article or paper has been cited through Google Scholar, which is a good indication of its popularity and impact in the discipline.
Your review will be based on your subject and field of study: in the sciences, you just look at contemporary research, but in the humanities, you may need to explain the historical aspect in detail.
You must first understand the relationships and connections between the sources you've looked at in order to properly structure your review’s arguments.
You may find the following based on your readings and notes:
This stage will assist you in determining the format of your literature review as well as the way your research will help expand field knowledge.
Outlining is an important writing step and one that you must not miss in any way. It helps you plan your paper ahead and work according to it.
It also ensures that you do not miss any important details and complete your paper on time.
Your literature review should consist of an introduction, the main body, and a conclusion in the same way that any other academic work does. The objective of your literature study will determine what you include in each section.
The introduction should describe the literature review's subject and goal in a single sentence. It should also provide a brief overview of the structure of the review.
You can divide the body of your essay into sections based on the length of your literature evaluation. For each topic, time period, or methodological approach you wish to address, use a subheading.
You may use these guidelines while you write:
Finally, in the conclusion, summarize the main findings that you have discovered from the literature, as well as their importance.
You can also use this section to discuss any gaps in the literature that your study will address.
Whenever you refer to, quote, or paraphrase from another author's work, you must include a citation.
There are a variety of ways to do this, but the most common is to use an in-text citation followed by a full bibliography at the end of your work. Sometimes teachers ask for an annotated bibliography before you work on your paper.
Include an in-text citation whenever you refer to, quote, or paraphrase from another author's work.
The basic format for an in-text citation is the author's last name and the year of publication.
If you use more than one source by the same author in a single paragraph, you can abbreviate the author's name by using only the first letter of the surname and adding "et al." after it.
Here's an example:
“Research shows that there is a significant correlation between immigration and crime rates (Smith 2016; Brown et al. 2017).”
Learning by examples is a great way to learn something in less time. Here are some examples to help you get started;
Here are the tips to write a good and impressive literature review;
By following these tips, you can write a good literature review that will impress your instructor.
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